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Questions new era dating issue

Johnson's interpretations of Lincoln's policies prevailed until the Congressional elections of 1866.

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The 1866 Congressional elections turned on the issue of Reconstruction, producing a sweeping Republican victory in the North, and providing the Radical Republicans with sufficient control of Congress to override Johnson's vetoes and commence their own "Radical Reconstruction" in 1867.

The army conducted new elections in which the freed slaves could vote, while whites who had held leading positions under the Confederacy were temporarily denied the vote and were not permitted to run for office.

Johnson, a former Tennessee Senator and former slave owner, followed a lenient policy toward ex-Confederates.

Lincoln's last speeches show that he was leaning toward supporting the enfranchisement of all freedmen, whereas Johnson was opposed to this.

He experimented by giving land to blacks in South Carolina.

By fall 1865, the new President Andrew Johnson declared the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery achieved and reconstruction completed.

Meanwhile, "Redeemers", self-styled Conservatives (in close cooperation with a faction of the Democratic Party) strongly opposed reconstruction.

They alleged widespread corruption by the Carpetbaggers, excessive state spending and ruinous taxes.

Hostile whites began referring to these politicians as "carpetbaggers".