Start Cockroach egg ancient blattae blattaria dating

Cockroach egg ancient blattae blattaria dating

This must be a result, not directly of the abundance of marine life, but to a lack of plant subjects while at sea, 10 THE ENDEAVOUR ANIMAL DRAWINGS for Banks's interest in plants was greater than his interest in zoology.

After the Endeavour returned to England it was Banks's decision to concentrate on the plans to publish the plant drawings.

Many were redrawn by other artists and were later engraved on copper (Diment et al.

In the case of the fish genera involved, an attempt to place them in the correct systematic series was made in the final draft of Dryander's Catalogue, however, and this implies that the folio numbering, and thus sequence for binding, was earlier, perhaps pre-1772. Piscis salitus (fish preserved with salt); and s from an animal in spirit.

(The numerals of the folios are written in pencil in large figures, but are not apparently in the hand of either Dryander or Solander.) There are other pencil numbers not part of the present sequence on some drawings. The list of localities and other abbreviations and symbols was evidently not compiled all at one time, for the writing differs (although all is by Dryander).

It seems most probable that Dryander wrote these annotations of artist during the period that he was compiling his Catalogue of drawings of animals (see below, p. It is probable that the present (1984) sequence of binding the drawings was adopted in Dryander's time.

Indeed, it is logical to assume that Dryander, as Banks's librarian, would in a series of operations identify the artist for each drawing and the place at which it was made, both for his draft Catalogue and in order to label the drawings, and would then arrange the drawings in sequence, numbering them while doing so.

These may represent an earlier sequence but it is difficult to establish which it is as only a few drawings are so numbered. Dryander adopted several shorthand symbols to abbreviate the information in the list. Beng Original drawn at Bengal; Pen: Pennant (Thomas Pennant, 1726-1798, naturalist, author and correspondent of Banks); P. Some of the entries are heavily inked, others are lightly inked, and there are two insertions into the alphabetical sequence. Otaheite (Tahiti) Bat: Batavia India orientalis Oc.

The main sequence of folio numbers was cited by authors as early as Heinreich Kuhl (1820), which shows that their use was firmly established before Banks's death. This was corrected by Sawyer (1971) in an otherwise identical entry to eighteen volumes of botanical and three of zoological drawings. His first column details the medium employed for the drawing; Viz. Looked at overall it is exactly the kind of list which would result from the first draft of a working catalogue.

Possibly a similar system was in use for the drawings but the notes, specimen numbers, and the drawing numbers are independent of one another and are not cross- referred.

The drawings are also labelled with the artist's name and in many cases the locality, both written in ink by Jonas Dryander.

His death moreover forced on Parkinson and Sporing a considerable burden of landscape drawing, a form which had not been designated as their first responsibility.